Minimally Invasive Surgeries
A minimally invasive procedure (MIP) like newer surgical techniques, such as Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS), require a simulated learning environment facilitated by intensive cadaveric training. MIP is any procedure (surgical or otherwise) that is less invasive than open surgery used for the same purpose.
A minimally invasive procedure typically involves use of arthoscopic (for joints and the spine) or laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through anendoscope or large scale display panel, and is carried out through the skin or through a body cavity or anatomical opening.
Interventional radiology may offer techniques that avoid the need for surgery. By use of a MIP, a patient may require only a band-aid on the incision, rather than multiple stitches or staples to close a large incision. This usually results in less infection, a quicker recovery time and shorter hospital stays, or allow outpatient treatment. However, the safety and effectiveness of each procedure must be demonstrated with randomized controlled trials. The term was coined by John EA Wickham in 1984, who wrote of it in British Medical Journal in 1987.
A minimally invasive procedure is distinct from a non-invasive procedure, such as external imaging instead of exploratory surgery. When there is minimal damage of biological tissues at the point of entrance of instrument(s), the procedure is called minimally invasive.